Research and Development
The basic research at the Institute of Ecology concentrates on the study of the structural-functional organisation of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and their responses to changing environmental conditions. As a practical result, the data obtained in basic research is used to prognosticate the development of ecosystems, landscapes, communities and physiological changes in plants connected with natural processes, climate changes and human activities.
Research Associates from the Institute are largely engaged in the teaching process in different universities as well as in supervising PhD and MSc degree students.
Main activities of the Institute are:
- evaluating the temporal-spatial impact of natural and anthropogenic processes on ecosystems;
- developing paleoecological research methods;
- modelling ecosystem development scenarios;
- analysing the influences of climate change and the hydrodynamics of coastal seas on the development of active coasts;
- modelling coastal developments and forecasting changes in coastal zones;
- analysing the impact of disturbances on the structure, functioning and nutrient cycles of wetland ecosystems which are in different stages of development;
- developing research methods for, and the scientific principles of, the ecological restoration of wetlands.
The Institute is also involved in applied research in the following topics:
- the problematics of oil shale mining and air contamination in northeast Estonia;
- the methodology of scientific research of environmental conditions and nature conservation;
- environmental communication and developing education for sustainability.
Action TU1208 Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar http://gpradar.eu/index.html