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Conference Speakers

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Robert Spano

Judge Robert Spano was elected to the European Court of Human Rights in 2013 with respect to Iceland. In March 2017 he was elected by the Plenary Court as President of Section from 1 May this year. Judge Spano presides in Section II of the Court. Before taking up his judicial office he served as Parliamentary Ombudsman of Iceland from 2009-2010 and again in 2013.

Judge Spano served as Dean of the Faculty of Law, University of Iceland, from 2010-2013, and was appointed professor of law in 2006. He was chairman of the Standing Committee of Experts in Criminal Law in the Ministry of Justice from 2003-2009 and from 2011-2013. He was also the Icelandic delegate to the European Committee on Crime Problems and an Independent Expert to the Lanzarote Committee of the Council of Europe. He was appointed an ad hoc judge of the EFTA Court in 2012. Judge Spano is a graduate of the University of Iceland and of the University of Oxford.


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Marco Pancini

Google Director Public Policy and Government Affairs

Marco Pancini was born in Rome in May 1972. After his studies in Law, Marco started his professional career as part of the start-up project of iBazar, the first online auction website in Europe, and then he joined eBay, when iBazar was acquired. From 2002 to 2007 Marco was Head of legal and Trust and Safety at eBay.it, the Italian subsidiary of the world biggest online marketplace. On July 2007 he joined the Google team as European policy counsel in charge of government relationship for the Italian market, representing Google in important international meetings as the Internet Governance Forum of United Nations. From February 2011 Marco is member of the Google policy team in Brussels, where he is leading the team dealing with the EU Commission and Council, as Director for Public Policy and Government Relations.


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Dr. Mart Susi

Professor of Human Rights Law, Tallinn University (coordinating institute)

Mart Susi has MA degree in Sociology from University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA) and doctor iuris degree from University of Tartu (Estonia). He has held senior positions in several academic institutions in Estonia and abroad. Currently he is heading the law program at Tallinn University and has the position of Professor of Human Rights Law.

He is leading several European research networks, focusing on i) new media and freedom of expression (LawandMedia Network financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers) and ii) new human rights (Horizon 2020 project Hurmur). He is editing several book on these topics, his writings primarily concern the European Court of Human Rights, remedies in international law and new human rights. Recently he announced the Internet Balancing Formula during a seminar of the Research Executive Agency at the EU Commission in Brussels. He is editor-in-chief of a new peer-reviewed academic publication – East European Yearbook on Human Rights.


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Karmen Turk

Karmen Turk (mag iur) is a litigation attorney and partner at pan-baltic Triniti Law Firm with an expertise in human rights, intellectual property and media law in Estonia and beyond (e.g. she has represented clients in European Court of Human Rights as well European Court of Justice).

Karmen is a visiting lecturer in IT Law at the University of Tartu for subjects of IP as well as human rights in information society. She is also doing her PhD and researching issues regarding Internet governance and civil liability of different actors on the internet.

She is an expert in the Council of Europe for several sub-committees (e.g. Co-Chair and expert for Intermediary Liability Committee attached to the Council of Europe). Within the framework of UN Internet Governance Forum, she is co-ordinating the Dynamic Coalition of Freedom of Expression and Media on the Internet. As an expert, she in involved in European Commission and Council of Europe joint projects in strengthening information society in countries such as Ukraine and Moldova, specifically in training judiciary - for example she was a trainer for human rights and media law for joint program of European Union and Council of Europe in Ukraine for developlent of human rights law course for the National Academy of Judges (with prof. J. Kulezsa and A. Pazniuk).

In one sentence, she is passionate about all things connected to freedoms online and internet governance.


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Dr. Eiríkur Jónsson

Education: Cand. Jur from University of Iceland 2002. LL.M. from Harvard Law School 2006. Ph.D. from University of Iceland 2011.


Professional Experience: Lawyer/attorney at Landslög Law Offices 2002-2007. Lecturer at University of Iceland, Faculty of Law, 2007-2009, Associate Professor 2009-2014, Professor of Law since 2014 and Vice Dean of the Faculty since 2016. Appointed judge at the District Court of Reykjavík 2013. Chairman of the Icelandic Appeals Committee of Consumer Affairs 2009-2013. Chairman of the Icelandic Media Commission 2011-2013. Chairman of the Appeals Committee of the Icelandic Catastrophe fund since 2010.

Present affiliation: Professor at University of Iceland, Faculty of Law, and Vice Dean of the Faculty


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Dr. Artūrs Kučs

Judge at the Latvian Constitutional Court

Artūrs Kučs is a Judge at the Constitutional Court of Latvia and Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of International Law at the Faculty of Law of the University of Latvia.Prof. Artūrs Kučs is the Head of the Board of Ethics of the Latvian Association of Journalists and adviser to the Ombudsman of the Republic of Latvia.

He has written his dissertation in 2006 at the Aarhus University (Denmark) on subject ‘Freedom of expression, prohibition of hate speech and incitement to discrimination: the striking of balance.” He has been in 2011 DAAD Visiting Scholar at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg and in 2010 Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the University of Connecticut, School of Law.

His recent publications include ‘’Denial of Genocide and Crimes against Humanity in the Jurisprudence of Human Rights Monitoring Bodies’’, ‘’Impartiality and objectivity of the courts as a basis to limit the criticism of the judges in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights,’’ “Balancing of the freedom of expression and other fundamental rights in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights and Latvian courts’’, ‘Commentary on the Freedom of Expression clause at the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia’, ‘Prevention of Racism and Intolerance – Handbook for the Law Enforcement Officials.’


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Sten Schaumburg-Müller

Professor, University of Southern Denmark

Sten Schaumburg-Müller has a PhD and a dr.jur. in law and legal philosophy. He is currently professor in media law, he teaches various media law courses, is often used an expert in the media when it comes to freedom of speech related issues, and has published various books and articles including the Danish commentary on the European Convention of Human Rights (Art.s 9, 10, 14 and Protocol 1, Art 3),a Danish Media Law textbook, a special Media Law text book for journalists and other media workers, ”How not to do things with words. On conceptions of language and freedom of speech”, “Privacy in a Digitalized World”, “The Right to Be Forgotten”, “Law as Identity – Different Identities and Different Human Rights Conceptions in Europe and the US”. “Legal protection of active journalism” and many more.


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Dr. Jukka Viljanen

Adjunct Professor of Human Rights Law at the University of Tampere

Dr Jukka Viljanen has been Adjunct Professor of Human Rights Law at the University of Tampere since 2006 and has a permanent position as University Lecturer of Public Law. He is responsible for Tampere group of NORDPLUS Law and Media Network. He is one of the editors in the book project and is also lecturing in the Summer School in Riga.

Viljanen’s PhD thesis concerned the European Convention on Human Rights as a developer of general doctrines of Human Rights Law (2003). He has also been visiting scholar at the Netherlands Human Rights Institute (SIM) in Utrecht. He has given regularly expert opinions before the Constitutional Law Committee of Finnish Parliament and is currently expert for the Ministry of Justice in the constitutional revision project concerning right to privacy.

In 2007-2009 he carried out a post-doctoral project called “Transformation of the European Court of Human Rights. Towards the Status of the Constitutional Court of Europe”, funded by the Academy of Finland. He has published extensively on the European Court of Human Rights. His latest research interests have focused on human rights dialogue within European and international systems and specific focus has been on the extraterritorial jurisdiction. Recently he did evaluation of the first Finnish National Human Rights Action Plan for the Ministry of Justice. Most recently he has been in charge of a research project on the Finnish Constitutional Environmental Right funded by the Ministry of Environment.