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2017

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ISSN 2504-6616
Paperback
Published 2017

Philologia Estonica Tallinnensis II (2017) Intermediality of Literature
Editor-in-Chief: Reili Argus
Editors: Luule Epner, Piret Viires

9.90 €

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The topic of the new issue of Philologia Estonica Tallinnensis is „Intermediality of Literature”. Relations between literature and other media are observed; the focus is primarily on the movement of literary texts over the borders of the media. Research of intermediality requires interdisciplinary approach, and the authors of this issue also include researchers of literature, theatre and dance, and the topics range from the use of folk tradition to the latest forms of digital literature.

Tanel Lepsoo examines the manifestation of evil in A. H. Tammsaare’s novel „Põrgupõhja uus Vanapagan” („The New Devil of Hellsbottom”) and its screen version, and in Andrus Kivirähk’s novel „Rehepapp ehk november” and Rainer Sarnet’s film based on the novel. Piret Kruuspere writes about the relations of Estonian drama and theatre with national memory culture, including dramaturgic interpretations of historical prose and processing of the past using the forms of drama and staging. Madli Pesti analyses the development of the concept of physical theatre by the example of the production „Eine murul” by VAT Theatre in her article. Heili Einasto undertakes to address ballets on the theme of Kalevipoeg from the year 1934 until today and focuses in her comparative approach on how national and gender stereotypes have manifested themselves on dance stage. Anneli Mihkelev examines the mythological character of kratt (treasure-bearer) from Estonian folklore who has spread from the folk tradition to fiction, theatre and film. Anneli Kõvamees writes about the series of travelogues published by Petrone Print publishing company, considers the phenomenon of the series and attempts at bringing clarity in terms of its genre. Piret Viires focuses on relations between literature and computer technology, analyses digital literature, its connections with digital humanities, various definitions and periodisation, and discusses the social media literature.

This issue contains articles in Estonian with abstracts in English.

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231 pages
Paperback
ISBN 978-9985-58-840-6
Published 2017

After Finitude. An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency (in Estonian)
Quentin Meillassoux
Translated from French by Anti Saar

12.70 €

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The main endeavour of the French philosopher Quentin Meillassoux in his work “After Finitude. An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency” is to bridge the cognitive split between the human and the world as postulated by Immanuel Kant, and to move to the other side of the humane “finitude”. In Meillassoux’ view, all post-Kantian philosophy is based on the idea of “correlationism”, the understanding that the reality (the world) is always only the reality as it appears to us, that the object of philosophy is the correlation between thinking and being, between us and the world, and that we do not have independent access to those two. Meillassoux aims at disclaiming correlationism; he relies on the work of astrophysicists, geologists and palaeontologists who study the history of the Earth (universe) before the emergence of the human being, i.e. who deal with the world before the correlation between the human being and world could come about.

This world preceding the emergence of the human species is called ancestral (ancestral in French) by Meillassoux. In addition to revising the relation between the human being and the world, he offers a new approach to the functioning of the world. The world is radically accidental for Meillassoux, it lacks causal inevitability, rather, the world is dominated by chaos – the only certain fulcrum is the fact that everything is incidental.

Quentin Meillassoux (b. 1967) is one of the most highly regarded French philosophers of the new generation, one of the creators and leaders of the so-called speculative realism. He has published three books and many articles; one of his main works, a voluminous dissertation “The Divine Inexistence: An Essay on the Virtual God” (L’Inexistence divine. Essai sur le dieu virtuel), written in 1997, is still unpublished and should be published sometime in the future in a thoroughly revised form. Meillassoux is a philosophy lecturer in the Université de Paris (Panthéon-Sorbonne). “After Finitude”, published in 2006, is so far his best known and most translated work.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-841-3 
Paperback
227 pages
Published 2017

Book of Lamentations (in Estonian)
Gregory of Narek
Commented and translated from Classical Armenian by Peeter Volkonski
Afterword by Alar Laats

12.70 €

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“The Book of Lamentations” of Gregory of Narek who has also been entitled as the Pindar of Armenia is a very important work that has influenced the whole Christian world thanks to translations. Armenians consider it to be the second important book after the Bible and they believe it has a healing effect which is why it is kept under the pillow by the ill during their sleep and certain chapters are read out loud by the sickbed.

The literary heritage of St. Gregory, a monk at the Narek Monastery, comprises theological treatises (incl. an interpretation of the Song of Songs still considered to be one of the best) and “Matean voghberguthean” – “The Book of Lamentations”, entitled as a poem. This work has been entitled in many ways: “Book”, “Book of Prayers”, “Narek”, etc. “Matean voghberguthean” is a polysemantic expression that can be translated as “The Book of Lamentations” or as “The Tragic Book” or even as a tragedy. Narekatsi finished “The Book of Lamentations” which he, as a mystic, calls “Speaking with God from the Depths of the Heart”, probably in the year 1002, i.e. immediately before his death.

This book was first printed and published in 1673 in Marseille. There is no doubt that the monk of the Narek Monastery who lived a thousand years ago has something very important to say to the modern world as well.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-842-0
Paperback
416 pages
Published 2017

Social and cultural anthropology (in Estonian)
Compiled and edited by Aet Annist and Maarja Kaaristo
Authors: Katrin Alekand, Aet Annist, Carlo A. Cubero, Marje Ermel, Toomas Gross, Kirsti Jõesalu, Ehti Järv, Maarja Kaaristo, Eeva Kesküla, Helleka Koppel, Katre Koppel, Ene Kõresaar, Elo Luik, Triinu Mets, Joonas Plaan, Riina Raudne, Marko Uibu, Laur Vallikivi and Mart Viirand.

12.80 €

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Textbook of social and cultural anthropology, the first of its kind from Estonian authors, provides an introductory overview of the speciality, bringing together important topic and authors from classics to leading scientists today and giving examples also from Estonia. Textbook provides an insight into the most important theories and methods of the speciality, and treats central research topics in anthropology: kinship, religion, politics and economy. In addition, this book enhances knowledge of the research on colonialism, globalization, gender, environment, body and inequality, and the possible applications of anthropology.

This textbook, primarily targeted at the students of social sciences (social and cultural anthropology, ethnology, folkloristics, cultural studies, sociology, etc.), is suitable for getting to know anthropology also for everyone else looking for answers which require the observation and analysis of human activity.

Textbook has been compiled and edited by Aet Annist and Maarja Kaaristo from the Department of Ethnology of the University of Tartu.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-839-0
Paperback
204 pages
Published 2017

Witchcraft Texts of Ancient Mesopotamia (in Estonian)
Amar Annus

10.20 €

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Belief in witchcraft has accompanied the humankind throughout written history. Thousands of clay tablets speaking of magical practices originate from ancient Mesopotamia. Most are witchcraft texts describing the essence of witches and demons, and the ways of getting rid of or preventing the damage they cause. For neutralizing the possible witchcraft, Babylonian priests sang incantations many of which were performed in series and accompanied by lengthy festive rituals.

“Witchcraft Texts of Ancient Mesopotamia” contains the longest preserved Babylonian anti-witchcraft incantation series “Burning” and a little shorter series “Curse, curse…”. These are poetic texts aimed at facing the invisible evil with the power of the word, and rendering it harmless.

The foreword of the book provides a thorough overview of the place of magical beliefs in the realm of spirits in ancient Mesopotamia and mythical geography. Also, an introduction is given to the neurological mechanisms that provide the basis for the belief in witchcraft and are universal for the human nature, explaining the occurrence of magical beliefs throughout the recorded history. This book offers exciting reading to everyone who is interested in history, religion and esotericism, and suits well as an introduction to learning about the magical beliefs of the ancient world.

Amar Annus (b. 1974) is an associate professor of Middle Eastern religious history at the University of Tartu. He acquired a doctoral degree at the University of Helsinki in 2003. Annus has previously worked at the University of Helsinki, the University of Chicago and the Free University of Berlin. He has published translations of Middle Eastern classical texts into Estonian in books “Anthology of the law collections of the antiquity” (“Muinasaja seadusekogumike antoloogia”) (2001), “Anthology of ancient literature” (“Muinasaja kirjanduse antoloogia”) (2005) and “The Epic of Gilgamesh” (“Gilgameši eepos”) (2010).

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ISSN 2346-5824
Paperback
212 pages
2017

Slavica Revalensia IV (in Russian)
Editor: Grigori Utgof
Authors: Aleksander Danilevski, Daria Dorving, Sergei Dotsenko, Aleksander Grišin, Aleksander Fjaduta, Jevgeni Jablokov, Jelena Kardaš, Aleksander Mets, Dmitri Nikolajev.

6 €

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In the third issue of Slavica Revalensia, ten new texts not yet published are waiting to be discovered by the reader. These include, for example, Elena Kardash’s study on the most enigmatic detail of Alexander Pushkin’s story “The Coffin-Maker” (1831), an article by Alexander Grishin on the unrealised silent film plot by Andrey Platonov that spoke about a black Red Army soldier, and a study by Alexander Feduta comparing two versions of the same anecdote – a literary anecdote of a visit of high-level Soviet official to Poland and the alternative version of the same anecdote that the author learned about during a conversation with Adam Michnik, a Polish intellectual and a former political prisoner.

Slavica Revalensia is an international peer-reviewed journal, founded in Tallinn University in 2014, and dedicated to Slavonic studies. The journal has three sections: “Studies and materials”, “Criticism” and “Bibliography”. The articles in Slavica Revalensia are in the Russian language, abstracts of articles are in Estonian and in English.

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ISSN 2228-0669
284 pages
Paperback
Published 2017

Estonian Yearbook of Military History (in English)
Visions of War. Experience, Imagination and Predictions of War in the Past and the Present

Editor: Kaarel Piirimäe

10 €

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The popular maxim holds that generals and, by extension, their armies always plan for the previous war. The wide-ranging chapters of this volume show the limits of this truism. There is much more to thinking about future war: it is a dynamic and on-going process, influenced by a myriad of political, military, social, economic and cultural shifts. The imagining of future war is an important factor and often a causal element in historical processes, whether or not it is immediately followed by war. The study of the thinking about and the planning for wars in the past not only opens a window on wider societal conceptions and preoccupations at the time but is also a basis for thinking about, and hopefully implementing, military changes in peacetime.

This issue of the Estonian Yearbook of Military History includes a preface on the study of war by Martin van Creveld, and chapters by Gary Baines, Benedict von Bremen, Tobias J. Burgers, General Michael H. Clemmesen, Oliver B. Hemmerle, Robert A. Jacobs, Michael Jung, Iain MacInnes, Kaarel Piirimäe, Alon Posner and Blaž Torkar. The articles discuss a wide range of subjects: Mediaval strategy and tactics, concepts and imaginations of decisive battles and total wars in the 19th and 20th centuries, general staffs and war plans before the First World War and before the Second World  War, visions of a conventional and nuclear Third World War during the Cold War, historical analogies in thinking and speaking about war, and new technologies and present trends in the development of warfare.

The editor of the issue is Kaarel Piirimäe, the editor in chief of the yearbook is Toomas Hiio. 

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ISBN 978-9985-58-836-9
Hard cover
726 pages

Information Sciences in Theory and Practice (in Estonian)
Infoteadused teoorias ja praktikas
Sirje Virkus, Aira Lepik, Elviine Uverskaja, Tiiu Reimo, Silvi Metsar, Raivo Ruusalepp, Aile Möldre and Merle Laurits
Edited by Sirje Virkus, Tiiu Reimo and Aira Lepik

19.80 €

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The aim of the first textbook of information science in Estonian is to present the most important issues in information science, and to create a context for understanding them. The book consists of three parts: in the first part, general definitions are introduced; the second part concentrates on theoretical approaches, and the third part considers practical applications. The first part of the book explains concepts such as data, information, knowledge, tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge, information behaviour, information literacy, information management, knowledge management, knowledge circulation and the information society, knowledge-based society, information politics and information strategy. The five chapters of the second part clarify the essence and development of information science, theories, models and approaches of information behaviour, information seeking and retrieval, and information literacy, approaches of knowledge management, models of assessing the productivity of information activities, and introduce some research trends that are topical today. The third part clarifies how information resources and information services are organized, how information activities are analyzed and assessed, and how information and knowledge management is implemented.The final chapter of the textbook is dedicated to teaching information science and introduces the activities of professional international associations.

The textbook will create a general understanding of information science and provides a pathway for readers to further extend their knowledge by providing extensive references.The concepts discussed in the book also contribute to the convergence of speciality-specific terminology in Estonian. The book is intended primarily for students of information science, and information and knowledge management, but can also be useful for information specialists, librarians, information technology specialists and everyone interested in the theory and practice of information science.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-838-3
Paperback
363 pages

Body and Soul on the Internet: How to Understand Social Media? (in Estonian)
Ihu ja hingega internetis: Kuidas mõista sotsiaalmeediat?
Katrin Tiidenberg

17.90 €

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Body and Soul on the Internet (“Ihu ja hingega internetis”) is a book for  everyone interested in being human in the networked, digitally saturated world. This book offers a clear and approachable take on key concepts of digital life, discussing platform affordances, networked visual culture, mediated self-expression and identity work, communities, relationships and embodiment at the intersection of people’s everyday practices and changing cultural norms. Questions of why and how people use social media can’t be universally and timelessly answered in the context of rapidly changing networked technologies, however in “Body and Soul" the author offers a useful overview of existing research, recommends fruitful analytical frameworks for understanding the complex topic and illustrates everything with analyses of her own empirical data. “Body and Soul on the Internet” is a human-centeric social sciences approach to understanding the experiences and outcomes of living in a networked world.


Dr. Katrin Tiidenberg is associate professor of social media and visual culture at the Baltic Film, Media, Arts and Communication School of Tallinn University, Estonia and post-doctoral researcher at Aarhus University, Denmark. Her research interests include sexuality, gender and normative ideologies as mediated through social media practices and visual culture. Tiidenberg contributes to the development of visual research methods and research ethics, and is an internationally acknowledged researcher of the selfie-culture. She is the founding member of Estonian Young Academy of Sciences, board member of the Estonian Association of Sociologists, and a member of the Ethics Working Committee of the Association of Internet Researchers.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-835-2 
Paperback
230 pages

Selected Letters (in Estonian)
Valik kirju

Hildegard of Bingen
Compiled and translated from Latin by Riina Ruut

9.50 €

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This book offers a kaleidoscopic look into the world of Hildegard of Bingen, a medieval nun and mystic, mediating a selection of her extensive correspondence. The letters enable to follow Hildegard’s life events and communication style for approximately thirty years, and provide an overview of the subjects that were dear to her and her characteristic thought patterns. One can find allegorical visions, theological discussions, seeing through people’s conditions, hints to political problems and problems within the church, debates with the Cathars, personal relationships of attachment, prophesies, etc.

The letters reflect her journey from an unknown nun to an acknowledged seer who was contacted for solving personal issues as well as complex theological questions. Besides admiration, however, the letters also reveal controversies and setbacks, leaving it for the reader to decide whether Hildegard was more of a conservative or a reformer, deliberative pragmatist or a gentle saint.

The correspondence offers the most direct insight into the mind of this charismatic woman – in so far as possible from such a long distance in temporal and cultural terms. Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179), one of the most outstanding women in medieval Occident, is primarily known for her grandiose visions. These were not accompanied by the sentimentality characteristic of later female mystics, but amaze us with their scope and depth. Hildegard’s creative legacy also includes books on nature and therapy, liturgical songs, musical drama, representations of an unknown language and letters that are still enigmatic, and smaller theological treatises.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-834-5
Paperback
240 pages

The Price of Monotheism (in Estonian)
Monoteismi hind
Jan Assmann
Translated from German by Olavi Teppan

10 €

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Nothing else has so radically transformed the world as the distinction between true and false religion. In this nuanced consideration of his own controversial Moses the Egyptian, renowned Egyptologist Jan Assmann answers his critics, extending and building upon ideas from his previous book. Maintaining that it was indeed the Moses of the Hebrew Bible who introduced the true-false distinction in a permanent and revolutionary form, Assmann reiterates that the price of this monotheistic revolution has been the exclusion, as paganism and heresy, of everything deemed incompatible with the truth it proclaims. This exclusion has exploded time and again into violence and persecution, with no end in sight. Here, for the first time, Assmann traces the repeated attempts that have been made to do away with this distinction since the early modern period. He explores at length the notions of primary versus secondary religions, of "counter-religions," and of book religions versus cult religions. He also deals with the entry of ethics into religion's very core. Informed by the debate his own work has generated, he presents a compelling lesson in the fluidity of cultural identity and beliefs.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-832-1
Paperback
328 pages


Methods for Researching Society: Intro and Outro (in Estonian)
Sotsiaalteaduste uurimismeetodid: Sisse- ja väljajuhatus
Mikko Lagerspetz
11,20 €

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This textbook provides an overview of the methods of data collection and analysis in social sciences. The most commonly used qualitative and quantitative methods are discussed with respect to their practical merits and constraints, but also as inseparable from the overall research design. There is a thorough discussion on methodology, including research ethics, and a separate chapter on scientific writing. The author’s main message is that the empirical methods should be chosen in accordance with the research problem, which is the result of a process of translating a theoretical problem into the language of empirical research. This, in turn, generates the research strategy. The amount of possible methods is in fact indefinite, as pointed out by the book’s last chapter, the ”Outro”.

This is the first general textbook in Estonian language on the methods of social sciences. It includes exercises and examples of the works of sociologists from Estonia and elsewhere. This approach with a strong basis in methodology and philosophy of science should be of interest also for the more experienced social scientists. 

The author, Mikko Lagerspetz, is currently Professor of Sociology at the Åbo Akademi University, Finland. He has previously worked at the Estonian Institute of Humanities and at Tallinn University. He has also been the president of the Estonian Association of Sociologists. Much of his research focuses the development of civil society in Central and Eastern Europe. 

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ISBN 978-9985-58-829-1
Paperback
620 pages

Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (in Estonian)
Anti-Oidipus. Kapitalism ja skisofreenia
Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari
translated from French by Mart Kangur
Edited by Margus Ott

16,80 €

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Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia is a 1972 book by French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst. It is the first volume of Capitalism and Schizophrenia, the second being A Thousand Plateaus (1980).

Deleuze and Guattari analyse the relationship of desire to reality and to capitalist society in particular; they address human psychology, economics, society, and history. They outline a 
“materialist psychiatry” modeled on the unconscious in its relationship with society and its productive processes, introduce the concept of “desiring-production” (which inter-relates “desiring machines” and a “body without organs”), offer a critique of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis that focuses on its theory of the Oedipus complex, and re-write Karl Marx's materialist account of the history of society's modes of production as a development through “primitive”,  “despotic”,  and “capitalist” societies, and detail their different organisations of production, “inscription” (which corresponds to Marx's “distribution” and “exchange”), and consumption. Additionally, they develop a critical practice that they call “schizoanalysis”.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-830-7
Paperback
333 pages

 

Directing Actors: Creating Memorable Performances for Film & Television (in Estonian)
Töö näitlejaga: Unustamatute osatäitmiste loomine filmis ja teles
Judith Weston
Translated from English by Anu Lamp

10,90 €

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Directing Actors (“Töö näitlejaga”), a book written by an internationally recognized acting teacher and a filmmaker Judith Weston (b. 1946) was first published in 1996.It turned instantly into a bestseller and still holds the status of a cult book in the field of drama. In this book Weston shares the principles of her methodology that was inspired by a wish to make the atmosphere at the film set more comfortable and pleasant for all parties, to grow the mutual empathy between actors and directors, and to encourage them to listen to their own unique voices and the voices of their characters.

Weston’s methodology has grown immensely popular and has influenced many contemporary actors and filmmakers. Among others, Oscar nominees Alejandro González Iñárritu and Steve McQueen have attended her classes. Also, some Estonian filmmakers (e.g Tanel Toom, Moonika Siimets and Martti Helde) have had a chance to meet Judith Weston in person and attend her classes, calling it a life-changing experience.

Weston has improved, developed and introduced her methodology in different places around the world. So far, she has published two books – “Directing Actors”, 1996, which has become a classic by now, and “The Film Director’s Intuition” ("Filmirežissööri vaist”, 2003).

mints_n.jpgISBN 978-9985-58-831-4 
Paperback
528 pages

Dedicated to Zara Mints on Her 90th Anniversary of Birth. Letters, Memories, Articles.
(in Russian)
Edited by Tatjana Kuzovkina, Mihhail Lotman and Maija Halturina

12,40 €

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This collection is a tribute to Zara Mints (1927–1990), professor of the University of Tartu and an outstanding researcher of the Silver Age of Russian culture. The collection consists of four parts: materials from the Yuri Lotman and Zara Mints archive in Estonian Semiotics Repository Foundation, Zara Mints’ letters from other archives and private collections, memories and articles inspired by the works of Zara Mints. Texts provide an opportunity for the reader of the collection to get an idea of the charming personality of Zara Mints, her significant role in the development of the special atmosphere in Tartu and her influence on the students of many generations.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-828-4
Paperback
420 pages 

Between Self and Societies: Creating Psychology in a New Key (in English)
Jaan Valsiner
Edited by Maaris Raudsepp 

24,20 €

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“Between Self and Societies: Creating Psychology in a New Key” contains a collection of unpublished texts by Dr. Jaan Valsiner, an innovative researcher in the field of cultural psychology. The papers included in this book enable the reader to trace the unfolding of Valsiner´s central ideas and are organized into six thematic chapters, according to the main focus of the texts (I Trajectories of psychology in societal context, II How to study qualitative developmental phenomena?, III Focus of cultural psychology: culture as a process within and between persons, IV Semiotic processes: how meanings are made?, V Cultural-semiotic regulation in societal and interpersonal processes,VI Cultural-semiotic self-regulation). The articles are accompanied by retrospective comments and two interviews that uncover Valsiner’s unique personal perspective.

Jaan Valsiner (born in 1951 in Tallinn, Estonia) is one of the founders of the re-birth of cultural psychology at the end of the 20th century. Among many varieties of cultural psychology, which all focus on the meaningfulness and cultural nature of psychological phenomena, he has inititated and is developing a cultural psychology of semiotic dynamics, providing thorough theoretical innovations to psychological science. Since 2013 Jaan Valsiner is the Niels Bohr Professor of Cultural Psychology at Aalborg University in Denmark, where he leads Europe’s first Research Centre on Cultural Psychology. Among his numerous works “Culture and the Development of Children's action” (1987, 1997) “The Guided Mind”, “The Social Mind” (2000), “Culture in Minds and Societies”(2007), “A Guided Science” (2012), “An Invitation to Cultural Psychology” (2014) could be named. In spring 2017 he was honoured with the Hans Kilian Award.

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ISBN 978-9985-58-827-7 
Paperback
278 pages

Strangers to Ourselves (in Estonian)
Võõrad iseendale
Julia Kristeva
Translated from French by Kaia Sisask

12,70 €

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In her essay „Strangers to Ourselves” (1968) French philosopher, writer and psychoanalyst Julia Kristeva addresses an increasingly important question of the contemporary world: how to relate to people who have come from elsewhere, how to relate to strangers.

Kristeva deals with the issue of xenophobia both from the historical and modern perspective: she examines the understanding of foreigners in antiquity, in the Middle Ages, in the Age of Enlightenment, in the days of the French Revolution, and in contemporary Europe. She discusses the legal status of foreigners throughout history, gaining perspective on our own civilization.

Also, she looks at great individuals who have contemplated what it means to be a foreigner (e.g Rabelais, Montaigne, Erasmus, Montesquieu, Diderot, Kant, Herder, Camus and Nabokov).