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ISBN 978-9985-58-845-1 
311 pages
Published 2018

Meaning in Action: Outline of and Integral Theory of Culture (in Estonian)
Rein Raud
Translated from English by Anne Lange 

11.80 €


In this important new book Rein Raud develops an original theory of culture understood as a loose and internally contradictory system of texts and practices that are shared by intermittent groups of people and used by them to make sense of their life-worlds. This theory views culture simultaneously in two ways: as a world of texts, tangible and shareable products of signifying acts, and as a space of practices, repeatable activities that produce, disseminate and interpret these clusters of meaning. Both approaches are developed into corresponding models of culture which, used together, are able to provide a rich understanding of any meaning in action. 

In developing this innovative theory, Raud draws on a wide range of disciplines, from anthropology, sociology and cultural studies to semiotics and philosophy. The theory is illustrated throughout with examples drawn from both high and popular culture, and from Western and Asian traditions, dealing with both contemporary and historical topics. The book concludes with two case studies from very different contexts -- one dealing with Italian poetry in the 13th century, the other dealing with the art scene in Eastern Europe in the 1990s. 

This timely and original work makes a major new contribution to the theory of culture and will be welcomed by students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities.

Rein Raud (b. 1961) is a Professor of Asian and Cultural Studies at Tallinn University. Raud has also been recognised as a writer, translator and essayist. In addition to this study, his latest works also include monographs “Mis on kultuur?” (“What is culture?”) (2013), “Iseduse praktikad” (“Practices of Selfhood”) (2015, in Estonian 2016), written together with Zygmunt Bauman, and the novel “Kell ja haamer” (“The Clock and the Hammer”) (2017).


231 pages
ISBN 978-9985-58-840-6
Published 2017

After Finitude. An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency (in Estonian)
Quentin Meillassoux
Translated from French by Anti Saar

12.70 €


The main endeavour of the French philosopher Quentin Meillassoux in his work “After Finitude. An Essay on the Necessity of Contingency” is to bridge the cognitive split between the human and the world as postulated by Immanuel Kant, and to move to the other side of the humane “finitude”. In Meillassoux’ view, all post-Kantian philosophy is based on the idea of “correlationism”, the understanding that the reality (the world) is always only the reality as it appears to us, that the object of philosophy is the correlation between thinking and being, between us and the world, and that we do not have independent access to those two. Meillassoux aims at disclaiming correlationism; he relies on the work of astrophysicists, geologists and palaeontologists who study the history of the Earth (universe) before the emergence of the human being, i.e. who deal with the world before the correlation between the human being and world could come about.

This world preceding the emergence of the human species is called ancestral (ancestral in French) by Meillassoux. In addition to revising the relation between the human being and the world, he offers a new approach to the functioning of the world. The world is radically accidental for Meillassoux, it lacks causal inevitability, rather, the world is dominated by chaos – the only certain fulcrum is the fact that everything is incidental.

Quentin Meillassoux (b. 1967) is one of the most highly regarded French philosophers of the new generation, one of the creators and leaders of the so-called speculative realism. He has published three books and many articles; one of his main works, a voluminous dissertation “The Divine Inexistence: An Essay on the Virtual God” (L’Inexistence divine. Essai sur le dieu virtuel), written in 1997, is still unpublished and should be published sometime in the future in a thoroughly revised form. Meillassoux is a philosophy lecturer in the Université de Paris (Panthéon-Sorbonne). “After Finitude”, published in 2006, is so far his best known and most translated work.


ISBN 978-9985-58-834-5
240 pages

The Price of Monotheism (in Estonian)
Monoteismi hind
Jan Assmann
Translated from German by Olavi Teppan

10 €


Nothing else has so radically transformed the world as the distinction between true and false religion. In this nuanced consideration of his own controversial Moses the Egyptian, renowned Egyptologist Jan Assmann answers his critics, extending and building upon ideas from his previous book. Maintaining that it was indeed the Moses of the Hebrew Bible who introduced the true-false distinction in a permanent and revolutionary form, Assmann reiterates that the price of this monotheistic revolution has been the exclusion, as paganism and heresy, of everything deemed incompatible with the truth it proclaims. This exclusion has exploded time and again into violence and persecution, with no end in sight. Here, for the first time, Assmann traces the repeated attempts that have been made to do away with this distinction since the early modern period. He explores at length the notions of primary versus secondary religions, of "counter-religions," and of book religions versus cult religions. He also deals with the entry of ethics into religion's very core. Informed by the debate his own work has generated, he presents a compelling lesson in the fluidity of cultural identity and beliefs.


ISBN 978-9985-58-829-1
620 pages

Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (in Estonian)
Anti-Oidipus. Kapitalism ja skisofreenia
Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari
translated from French by Mart Kangur
Edited by Margus Ott

16,80 €


Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia is a 1972 book by French authors Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, respectively a philosopher and a psychoanalyst. It is the first volume of Capitalism and Schizophrenia, the second being A Thousand Plateaus (1980).

Deleuze and Guattari analyse the relationship of desire to reality and to capitalist society in particular; they address human psychology, economics, society, and history. They outline a 
“materialist psychiatry” modeled on the unconscious in its relationship with society and its productive processes, introduce the concept of “desiring-production” (which inter-relates “desiring machines” and a “body without organs”), offer a critique of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis that focuses on its theory of the Oedipus complex, and re-write Karl Marx's materialist account of the history of society's modes of production as a development through “primitive”,  “despotic”,  and “capitalist” societies, and detail their different organisations of production, “inscription” (which corresponds to Marx's “distribution” and “exchange”), and consumption. Additionally, they develop a critical practice that they call “schizoanalysis”.


ISBN 978-9985-58-827-7 
278 pages

Strangers to Ourselves (in Estonian)
Võõrad iseendale
Julia Kristeva
Translated from French by Kaia Sisask

12,70 €


In her essay „Strangers to Ourselves” (1968) French philosopher, writer and psychoanalyst Julia Kristeva addresses an increasingly important question of the contemporary world: how to relate to people who have come from elsewhere, how to relate to strangers.

Kristeva deals with the issue of xenophobia both from the historical and modern perspective: she examines the understanding of foreigners in antiquity, in the Middle Ages, in the Age of Enlightenment, in the days of the French Revolution, and in contemporary Europe. She discusses the legal status of foreigners throughout history, gaining perspective on our own civilization.

Also, she looks at great individuals who have contemplated what it means to be a foreigner (e.g Rabelais, Montaigne, Erasmus, Montesquieu, Diderot, Kant, Herder, Camus and Nabokov). 


ISBN 978-9985-58-823-9
228 pages

Practices of Selfhood (in Estonian)
Iseduse praktikad
Zygmunt Bauman, Rein Raud
Translated from English by Olavi Teppan

14,20 €


How does a person's understanding of his/her place in the world develop? Do we live in times when the ways of creating one's self are thoroughly changing? Does new technology give us more freedom or does it rather invite us to give up our freedoms? How does selfhood develop? Does it follow the same universal development patterns in all people, cultures and age groups? Or is identity nevertheless a sociocultural construction which cannot be entirely understood without its historical context?

This is a selection of the most important questions touched by Rein Raud and Zygmunt Bauman in their new dialogic study Practices of Selfhood. The discussion provides the reader with more and more new links which surpass spatial and time limits as well as the borders between different systems of thought. Faith in the feasibility and indispensability of dialogue is also the central message of the book.

Practices of Selfhood is a good and facile introduction to identity research, offering educational reading to everyone who is interested in this topic.

Rein Raud (b. 1961) is the senior research fellow in Tallinn University. His main fields of research are social sciences and culture, specializing in Asian culture and philosophy.

Zygmunt Bauman (b. 1925) was a sociologist and Professor Emeritus at the University of Leeds. His main fields of interest were contemporary culture and its mechanisms of action. Bauman's studies elegantly surpass the borders between disciplines.


ISBN 978-9985-58-820-8 Paperback
232 pages

A Philosophy of Walking (in Estonian)
Kõndimise filosoofia
Frédéric Gros
Translated from French by Mari Tarendi, edited by Anti Saar

11,70 €


A Philosophy of Walking (2009) is the best known work of Frédéric Gros (b. 1965) where the author contemplates, among other things, different manners of walking – pilgrimages, hiking and strolling; observes the walking habits of famous litterateurs, and emphasizes that walking is not a sport. "One cannot calmly finish A Philosophy of Walking – an urge to walk develops in the course of reading. A small circle in the room, then in the yard, from there to the street and on, where your feet take you," comments Hasso Krull, a translator and writer.

Frédéric Gros is a French philosopher, professor at the Institute of Political Studies, Paris. His specialty is modern French philosophy, especially the intellectual heritage of Michel Foucault. The main research topics of Gros include the history of psychiatry, philosophy of punishment, and the problems of war and obedience/disobedience.


ISBN 978-9985-58-818-5 
272 pages

The Greek and the Orient. From Homer to magicians (in Estonian)
Kreeklased ja idamaad. Homerosest maagideni.
Walter Burkert
Translated from German by Jaan Lahe
Epilogue by Mait Kõiv

15,20 €

In "The Greek and the Orient", Ancient Greece's cultural contacts with the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia, and others, are discussed. Without the influence of those civilizations, Ancient Greece would never have risen to the heights of its archetypal fame. The author illustrates the contacts between the Greek and the Orient by numerous colourful examples and makes the reading of his book a true voyage of discovery to the origins of Western civilization.

Professor Walter Burkert (1931–2015) is one of the best known and most recognised classical philologists in the world, who has written numerous books and articles in many languages on the subject of ancient cultures and religions. Thanks to him, wider audience has come to recognise that it is not possible to talk about classical Greece and the Orient as separate entities – these areas developed together in the course of cultural exchange during thousands of years. "The Greek and the Orient" is Walter Burkert's first work which has been translated into Estonian.


ISBN 978-9985-58-816-1
176 pages

Creativity and imagination of children. Play and its role in the psychological development of a child (in Estonian)
Laste loovus ja kujutlusvõime. Mäng ja selle osa lapse psüühilises arengus
Lev Võgotski 
Translated from Russian by Enn Siimer
Epilogue by Kirill Maslov

Out of stock

The works of Lev Vygotsky (1986–1934), one of the most outstanding psychologist of the 20th century, have reawakened interest today. Vygotsky died of tuberculosis only at the age of 38. The activities of the researcher, primarily in the field of developmental psychology, but also in aesthetics and defectology, have received wide scientific response. He has also been titled the Mozart of psychology. Vygotsky extended the idea of the psychology of a child's mental development, beginning to attach importance to socio-cultural impact besides the biological factors.

L. Vygotsky's book Creativity and imagination of children. Play and its role in the psychological development of a child constitutes a theoretical and practical approach to the essence of children's creativity and play, and the possibilities of how to advance them during the different development periods of children. This work is a helpful and inspiring source for pedagogues working with children as well as for parents interested in the addressed issues.


ISBN 978-9985-58-808-6
470 pages

Potency: Patterns of Potency I (in Estonian)
Vägi. Väekirjad I

Margus Ott

15,80 €

Margus Ott’s work Vägi (The Potency) is an original philosophical interpretation of the world, intertwining different traditions of thought and disciplines, and providing new means for pondering our existence and the world in our mother tongue. Central concept in Ott’s philosophy is indeed potency. A certain ontology or transformation doctrine is presented in the book. Following that, overall evolution is discussed, especially the problem of emergence of more complex forms of existence, including human being, i.e. language relationship. The latter has been dwelt on from a societal and individual perspective: how to maintain and raise communal and personal potency. Hence, the manifestations of potency in nature, society and individuals are examined.

Margus Ott defended his doctoral thesis in philosophy at Tallinn University, Estonian Humanitarian Institute, Estonia, in 2014. He has given lectures in Romance languages and culture, philosophy and sinology in different universities. Has rendered Western thinkers into Estonian language: Deleuze (for example, Difference and Repetition), Spinoza (Ethics), Bergson (for example, Matter and Memory) and Jullien (A Treatise on Efficacy) and excerpts from handwritten copies of Chinese philosophers of different eras.


ISBN 978-9985-58-784-3
197 pages

Ükski saar pole saar: Neli pilguheitu inglise kirjandusele globaalsest vaatenurgast
No Island Is an Island: Four Glances at English Literature in a World Perspective (in Estonian) Carlo Ginzburg
Translated from English by Aet Varik

12 €


This book contains four educated, brilliant and deep and distinctive insights into the history of English literature. In his own characteristic way, the author has chosen texts that inspire him to plunge into the historical context of the texts and into their dialogue with other texts. The book also presents, according to the author himself, a ‘non-insular vision of English literature’.

Carlo Ginzburg (born 1939) is considered to be one of the most renowned and influential Italian historians today. The main part of his writings concentrates on the research of witchcraft beliefs in early modern Europe. He has also written some remarkable analyses on art history, literature, politics, and on historico-theoretical issues.

For a considerable period of time, Carlo Ginzburg taught at the University of Bologna; he is currently Professor Emeritus at the University of California.

The book also includes an interview with Carlo Ginzburg by the cultural historian, Marek Tamm.


ISBN 9789-985-58-777-5
280 pages

Me pole kunagi olnud modernsed
We Have Never Been Modern (in Estonian)
Bruno Latour
Translated from French by Anti Saar
Afterword by Silver Rattasepp 

10 €


Bruno Latour´s 'We Have Never Been Modern' shows us that the world view of us - the rational people who have grown up in modernity - is not the only possibility, or not even the most exact of all, but is significantly biased due to some arbitrary cultural decisions that seem natural to us; but actually are not. The world that Latour invites us to notice instead is something different altogether: a functioning body of networks, hybrids and interpenetrations, which is at the same time local and global, natural and human – is as it is, not as it seems.

Professor Bruno Latour (b. 1947) from the Paris Institute of Political Studies, is the least known superstar of contemporary philosophical thinking. He is a very influential, widely cited and referred author.  One of the main leaders, not to say founders, of technical research whose interests reach from anthropological laboratory studies to the fields of arts, religion, legislations and sometimes even railway systems and others, all set in an original and unique philosophical framework. 


ISBN 9789-985-58-765-2
187 pages

The Society of the Spectacle (in Estonian)
Guy Debord
Translated from French by Anti Saar

9 €


Guy Ernest Debord (1931-1994) was a French Marxist philosopher, a film director and one of the main ideologists of avant-garde art in the second half of the 20th century. He was a great inspiration to many cultural theorists and practitioners due to his inability to accept any form of mental, social and artistic permanence.

In his main piece of writing “The Society of the Spectacle” (1967), he depicts a poetic and slogan-like approach of the spectacle as a control-mechanism of modern society by using theses and a critical comparison with earlier Marxist tradition. Debord´s contemporary vision at the beginning of the 21st century is affirmed by the opinion of many critics, that the society spectacle with its glory and misery is only now becoming a late-capitalistic reality brought on by the explosive development of new media.


ISBN 978-9985-58-755-3
288 pages

Pistriku talvekarje: esseid Joseph Brodsky poeetikast ja surmast
The Winter Scream of a Falcon: Essays on the Poetics and Death of Joseph Brodsky (in Estonian
by Mihhail Lotman 
Poems translated by Mihhail Lotman ja Maria-Kristiina Lotman

10 €


A poet, essayist and dramatist, Joseph Brodsky (1940-1996) had a significant influence on the Russian and English-speaking literary and cultural world. He actively participated in the intellectual life of the United States, especially in New York. According to Susan Sontag, he was responsible for considerable changes. Brodsky's poetic world is illustrated by the tremendous tension between Eros and Thanatos on the one hand and Clio and Urania on the other hand, i.e. between space and time. All objects, events and metaphors in Brodsky's poetry are part of this theme.
In Mihhail Lotman's book “Pistriku talvekarje: esseid Joseph Brodsky poeetikast ja surmast” (in Estonian) the most important aspects of Brodsky's poetics are discussed in different genres and from a variety of perspectives. Compared to the first edition, the themes of the sea and especially the sky have been discussed in more detail. An essay about Brodsky's love story and his poems on love has been added.


ISBN 978-9985-58-752-2
152 pages

Morality (in Estonian)
Bernard Williams 
Translated from English by Tiiu Hallap

12 €


Bernard Williams (1929–2003) was one of the leading figures of the philosophy of morality in the second half of the 20th century. He has often been named as the representative of the “anti-theoretical” line of thinking. “Morality”, published in 1972, is Williams' first, but still widely quoted, work.
At the time of publication, “Morality” was targeted mainly against the mainstream Anglo-American philosophy of morality, which saw ethics only as meta-ethics and semantics. It was believed that the main task of a philosopher is to merely analyse the language of morality, not to “moralise”, clean or axiomatise the norms of morality. Although in recent decades there has been the rebirth of practical or applied ethics, one of Williams' main critical statements is also valid for contemporary philosophy of morality – theories are schematic and tend to lose touch with the depth and details of the realities of life.


ISBN 978-9985-58-746-1 Paperback
368 pages

Teisiti kui olla ehk teispool olemust 
Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence (in Estonian)
Emmanuel Levinas
Translated from French by Kaia Sisask

12 €


Otherwise than Being or Beyond Essence(Autrement qu’être ou au-delà de l’essence) is considered one of the main works by the French thinker Emmanuel Levinas (1906–1995), in addition to his work Totality and Infinity(Totalité et infini). The author develops, but also changes, his views published in Totality and Infinity. This was likely a result of a fruitful dialogue with Jacques Derrida.
Levinas is trying to translate ethics into the language of philosophy in this book. However, he also knows how impossible this task is. An ethical imperative comes from the other side of being and essence, from the other side of all totalities and hence from the other side of language. Nevertheless, it is possible to hear, in the being and language, the echo of this imperative which devotes one person to another and which can be ignored only at the cost of feeling guilty. According to Levinas, such philosophy is not the love of wisdom - instead it's the wisdom of love – in the service of justice.


ISBN 978-9985-58-745-2
256 pages

Struktuur ja vabadus 1: Semiootika vaatevinklist. 1.1. Tartu–Moskva koolkond 
Structure and Freedom 1. From the Perspective of Semiotics. 1.1. Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics (in Estonian)
Mihhail Lotman

11 €

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"Tartu-Moscow School of Semiotics" is the first volume of Mihhail Lotman's selected works entitled "Structure and Freedom". This volume includes the author's research into the basics of semiotics and an overview of the most important terms used in the Tartu School of Semiotics. In the introduction, Lotman explores the definition of “semiotics”. The book also includes some original work by the author and a number of specialized terms that he defined, such as “the field of a semiotic system”, “semiotic reduction” as well as others that are unique to Lotman’s work.
The book is a good read for anyone interested in semiotics and does not require any specialized knowledge on the subject.


ISBN 978-9985-58-739-3
248 pages

Igavuse filosoofia 
A Philosophy of Boredom (in Estonian)
Lars F. H. Svendsen
Translated from Norwegian by Jaan Pärnamäe

10.00 €


A Philosophy of Boredom, first printed in 2005, explores one of the central preoccupations of our age – the nature of boredom, how it originated, how and why it afflicts us, and why we cannot seem to overcome it voluntarily. 
Lars Svendsen (born in 1970) gathers observations from philosophy, literature, psychology, theology, and popular culture; he examines pre-Romantic manifestations of boredom in medieval torpor, philosophical musings on boredom from Pascal to Nietzsche, and modern investigations into alienation and transgression by twentieth-century artists from Beckett to Warhol. 
A witty and entertaining account of our dullest moments and most maddening days, A Philosophy of Boredom will appeal to anyone curious to know what underlies the overwhelming inertia of inactivity.
Lars F. H. Svendsen teaches in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Bergen, Norway. 


ISBN 978-9985-58-729-4 Paperback
328 pages

Tõhususe traktaat 
Treatise on Efficacy (in Estonian)
François Jullien
Translated from French and commented by Margus Ott

12.00 €


François Jullien’s Treatise on Efficacy has proven to be of central importance in the intellectual debate between East and West during the last decade. In his analysis of Western and Chinese concepts of efficacy, Jullien analyses diverging patterns of action in warfare, politics, and diplomacy in the two civilizations. The Western model of efficacy, inherited from the ancient Greeks' conception of action, seeks to attain a predetermined goal directly through voluntary and assertive action. The Chinese tend to evaluate the power inherent in a situation (shi) and transform it through nonassertiveness, relying on the "propensity" of results to take place without intervention. Jullien shows how these Western and Chinese strategies function in several domains and provides a unique perspective on our understanding of action, time and reality.


ISBN 978-9985-58-728-7
237 pages

Surma and 
The Gift of Death (in Estonian)
Jacques Derrida 
Translated from French by Mart Kangur

13.00 €


"The Gift of Death" contains the French philosopher Jacques Derrida's (1930-2004) most profound reflections on religion to date. While continuing to explore questions introduced in "Given Time" such as the possibility or impossibility of giving, and the economic and anthropological nature of gifts, Derrida examines the concept of "responsibility" and the ultimate gifts of life and death.
Derrida has divided the book into four parts, which deal respectively with the development of the concept of responsibility in the Platonic and Christian traditions; the relationship between sacrifice and mortality; the contemporary meaning of the story of Abraham and Isaac; and the connections between religious ideology and economic rationality, which explicitly link this book with "Given Time."
This work resonates with much of Derrida's earlier writing and will be of interest to scholars of anthropology, philosophy, and, of course, literary criticism. In addition, given the emphasis on the work of Kierkegaard and on the role of religion in our thinking, it will be of particular interest to a new readership among academics in the fields of ethics and religion.


Armastus, vihkamine ja vastuseis
Love, Hate and Dissent (in Estonian)
Leonidas Donskis

9 €


This is a collection of articles on the topics of open and closed societies, utopias as social myths, and the birth of conspiracy theories.
Leonidas Donskis, Ph.D., is a Member of the European Parliament (MEP), philosopher, political theorist, historian of ideas, social analyst, and political commentator.
“It is a tragic and distasteful feature of our way of life that we tend to cultivate fear, hatred, and the use of violence in the name of a better, peaceful existence – of happiness, humanity and love: we resort to evil in order (or at least so we think) to promote good.  It is on that unfortunate and potentially disastrous tendency in our communal life that Leonidas Donskis, with an eminent sense of purpose and exceptional clarity, has focused his lifelong inquiry. The rich harvest of that study is sampled in this book.”
Zygmunt Bauman (University of Leeds)


ISBN 978-9985-58-708-9 Paperback 
170 pages

Poliitika kui elukutse ja kutsumus. Teadus kui elukutse ja kutsumus 
Politics as a vocation. Science as a vocation (in Estonian)
Max Weber 

11 €


Max Weber (1864-1920), generally recognised as a founder of modern social science, was interested in political affairs throughout his life. He made many significant analyses of academic and political vocations in his lectures on “Science as a Vocation” (Wissenschaft als Beruf, 1917) and “Politics as a Vocation” (Politik als Beruf, 1919). Now these texts are available in one book in Estonian, with foreword by French philosopher, sociologist and political scientist Raymond Aron, and afterword by sociologist and translator Henn Käärik.