Esileht - Ühiskonnateaduste instituut - Teadus - Akadeemiliste suundade teadustegevus - Riigiteadused


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Political and sociopsychological determinants of inclusive integration context and their interdependencies (DIMA)

Project No. EMP138

For general information about the network and its activities please contact
the project leader Prof Raivo Vetik, rvetik(at)

memo meeting 14.02 .pdf (337 KiB)Memo 14.02(pdf, 337 KiB)

Memo 21.02 .pdf (344 KiB)Memo 21.02 (pdf, 344 KiB)



  • Internal project meeting in Kiviõli on 9th-10th of February 2014
  • Project seminar in Tallinn on 2nd-3rd of December 2013 with DIMA partners and external experts 


       Presentation (pdf, 580 KiB)

Project Summary

The main research objective of DIMA is to study the political and socio-psychological determinants of inclusiveness in the migrant integration context, as well as their interdependencies. While the project focuses on the integration of Russians in Estonia and Norway, it also includes a broader comparative perspective that seeks to understand more extensively the determinants of the inclusive integration context in other countries. A comparative dimension will be realized via the link between the current project and the international MIRIPS network (Mutual Intercultural Relations in Plural Societies), led by John W. Berry.

Main Activities and Goals

Within this project three levels of determinants of the inclusiveness of the national integration context in Estonia and Norway will be analyzed: (1) power politics, policy-making processes, and the legal norms and ideologies related to integration issues as macro-level determinants; (2) group status, the degree of intergroup interdependency, and group norms regarding acculturation orientations among majority and minority groups as meso-level determinants; and (3) individual level factors like perceived ethnic discrimination, experiences of intergroup contact, language skills, citizenship, identity, immigration experience, age, gender, etc., as micro-level determinants.

The main research topics for DIMA are as follows:

  1. To what extent do the legislation and policy framework in Estonia and Norway support the formation of inclusive integration context in these countries?
  2. What policy interventions effectively facilitate the development of positive intergroup attitudes and inclusive integration context?
  3. What are the main prerequisites for inclusiveness towards minority groups among ethnic Estonians and ethnic Norwegians and for effectively adopting the Estonian/Norwegian national identity by members of the Russian minority?
  4. Which ideologies of intergroup relations are prevalent in different ethnic and elite groups in Estonia and Norway?
  5. How do ideologies of inter-group relations affect individual acculturation and identity building strategies? How are ideologies of intergroup relations related to public tolerance towards different forms of identities?
  6. What are the main features of the logic behind both the acculturation and power strategies regarding differentiation of their subject positions in the ethno-political field and struggles over domination?
  7. To what extent has the Russian-language population in Estonia and Norway developed a bicultural Estonian/Norwegian Russian identity, and what is the dynamics of their identity change?
  8. How do the national identity and interethnic attitudes of the majority relate to the minority groups’ acculturation strategies?
  9. Does the open national identity, which is not closely linked to the ethnic identity of one group, support the adoption of integration strategy as proposed by the mutual intergroup differentiation model?
  10. Does involvement in both national and ethnic cultures promote confidence in identity and a sense of well-being?
  11. Is there a relationship between the feeling of security in one’s identity and intercultural attitudes?
  12. How does group status affect intergroup relations? (comparative analysis of three countries)
  13. What is the level of discrepancy/concordance of acculturation attitudes between majority and minority individuals, and what is its implication on intergroup outcomes?

Expected significance of the project

  1. Information acquired from the project can be used both in policy context and further academic research.  We plan to disseminate our results also among other stakeholders in the two countries.
  2. Knowledge transfer from Norway to Estonia and vice versa regarding good practices in governance of multicultural societies.  This will create a new base for strategic decision-making regarding integration issues in both countries.
  3. A particular added value of the project comes from the fact that we create a theoretical framework by combining political and socio-psychological concepts in a unified theoretical space.  Thus, we expect that this new level and concept of  interdisciplinarity  will  generate new synergies in academia.
  4. Thus, the research carried out in this project has potential to create new knowledge that advances both social science theory and empirical research, as well as opportunities for good governance.
  5. An understanding shall be formed about factors supporting the formation of open national identity. This is crucial for understanding nation building processes, which is gaining particular importance in the context of ongoing globalization.
  6. All participants involved in the project will present their findings at two major conferences of their choice.
  7. In addition, the team will prepare two panels, in year 2 and 3 of the project, for the political science and social psychology conferences. 
  8. The publication of the edited volume is planned in 2016 with an acclaimed international publisher and in cooperation with our partners in MIRIPS project.
  9. During the project, local Estonian, regional and European cooperation ties will be developed.
  10. The project will contribute to a postdoctoral  project,  at least one PhD dissertation,  and  at least two MA theses will be defended within the project framework.
  11. Institutionalization of Estonian-Norwegian research cooperation in the fields of political science and psychology. The project teams plan to continue cooperation.
  12. Engagement of other internationally renowned scholars (John Berry,  etc.)  will increase visibility of integration research in Estonia and Norway.


Tallinn University, Estonia

Prof Raivo Vetik

Dr Maaris Raudsepp

Dr Aune Valk

Dr Larissa Kus

Madli Raudkivi

Marianna Makarova (Drozdova)

University of Bergen, Norway

Prof David L. Sam

External experts

University of Helsinki, Finland

Prof Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti

Dr Tuuli Anna Mähönen

Merja Pentikäinen

Anna Korhonen

University of Bergen, Norway

Valeria Markova

Queen’s University, Canada

Prof John Berry

Moscow Higher School of Economics, Russia

Prof Nadežda Lebedeva