Critics towards Style Approaches

The style approach has also got some criticism:

  • The research on styles has not shown how leaders' styles are associated with performance outcomes.
  • The style approach has failed to find a universal style of leadership that could be effective in almost every situation.
  • The style approach indicates that the most effective leadership style is the high-high style (high task and high relationship). However, several research findings do not agree with this and and argye that certain situations may require different leadership styles (Northouse, 2007, p.79).


Sirje Virkus, Tallinn University, 2009