Eastern Europe Leadership Profile

For the Eastern European countries a leader would be independent while maintaining strong interest in protecting their position as a leader.

Culture clusters and desired leadership behaviours:

  • autonomous leadership
  • self-protective leadership
  • charismatic/value-based leadership
  • team-oriented leadership
  • humane-oriented leadership
  • participative leadership (Northouse, 2007, p.315)



Sirje Virkus, Tallinn University, 2009