Page 3

There are many other definitions of information literacy.

Example 3: Definitions of information literacy

"Information literacy is knowing when and why you need information, where to find it, and how to evaluate, use and communicate it in an ethical manner" (CILIP, 2005).

"Information literacy is an intellectual framework and a social process for under-standing, finding, evaluating, communicating and using information - activities which may be accomplished in part by fluency with information technology, in part by sound investigative methods, but most important, through critical discernment and reasoning. Information literacy initiates, sustains, and extends lifelong learning through abilities which may use technologies but are ultimately independent of them" (Abid, 2004)

"Information literacy is a set of abilities that allow a person to recognize when information is needed and to effectively and efficiently act on that need (Rockman, 2004).

"Information Literacy encompasses knowledge of one's information concerns and needs, and the ability to identify, locate, evaluate, organize and effectively create, use and communicate information to address issues or problems at hand; it is a prerequisite for participating effectively in the Information Society, and is part of the basic human right of life long learning" (UNESCO, 2003).

"information literacy should be considered as a container concept, which refers to competences of people to recognize the need for information and to satisfy their information needs for survival, self-actualisation and development" (Boekhorst, 2003).

"A new liberal art that extends from knowing how to use computers and access information to critical reflection on the nature of information itself its technical infrastructure and its social cultural and philosophical context and impact." (Shapiro & Hughes, 1996).

"At its broadest, information literacy refers to a person's ability to access and understand a variety of information resources" (Lenox & Walker, 1993)

"Information literacy is the ability to access, evaluate and use information from a variety of sources" (Doyle, 1992).


Many authors describe information literacy via characteristics of information literate person.


Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives 3.0 License

Sirje Virkus, Tallinn University, 2009