Development of Information Management

Tom Wilson Elena Maceviciute Christian Schlögl

The term 'information management' is used variously in the literature of several fields. However, according to Wilson (2002) information management emerged in the mid-1970s, and there was a substantial growth in literature dealing with this topic at the beginning of the 1980s (Schlögl, 2005).

The general purpose of information management is to make available the

  • right information
  • at the right time
  • at the right place.

Information management is an interdisciplinary field which focuses on information as a resource. Information professionals select, describe, classify, index, and abstract this information to make it more accessible to a target audience within or outside their organization.

Bergeron (1996) defines two perspectives on information management:

  • information technology (including information systems) perspective and
  • integrative perspective harmonizing external and internal corporate resources.

Many authors believe that information management is a field of wide scope which is also related to other fields, such as information systems, computer science, artificial intelligence research, information science, documentation and more (Maceviciute and Wilson, 2005).

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